Fisheries and Land Resources

Forestry and Agrifoods

Yellow Birch



  • 5 to 10 cm. long
  • oval in shape
  • tapering to a slender, sharp point at the top and a narrow base
  • double-toothed with 12 or more pairs of veins extending to the larger teeth
  • dark green above yellow-green below


  • small, two-winged nut in an erect cone about 2.5 to 4 cm. long with hairy scales, often persisting on the tree over winter


  • a thin, smooth yellow on younger trees
  • separating into thin, papery curls, not easily peeled from tree
  • on very old trunks, thick reddish-brown to black breaking into large ragged, flat plates


  • not found in Labrador, and only in patchy distribution on the Island
  • Yellow Birch can grow up to 23 m. in height with a 50 to 100 cm. diameter
  • it grows on a variety of sites often in association with Balsam fir and other hardwoods and is a prolific seeder with winged nutlets which can travel a great distance on air currents
  • stump root reproduction is also common


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