Fisheries and Land Resources

Forestry and Agrifoods

White Pine



  • 7.5 to 12.5 cm. long needle-shaped leaves
  • usually in clusters of 5
  • triangular in cross section
  • soft and slender
  • bluish-green when mature


  • brown in color
  • 7.5 to 20 cm. long
  • slightly curved and cylindrical when closed
  • usually in rows of 5 spirals with 50 to 80 scales
  • mature in September, opening and falling soon afterwards


  • smooth and dark green
  • often tinged with brown when young
  • becoming dark grey and deeply furrowed with broad scaly ridges 2.5 to 5 cm. thick with age


  • one of the tallest, most valuable, trees in eastern Canada
  • the Eastern White Pine often reaches heights of 53 m. with a diameter of 150 cm
  • although in Newfoundland it rarely exceeds 24 m. with a 50 to 100 cm. diameter
  • although not found in Labrador, on the Island it can be found in pure stands, but most often is mixed with other conifers and grows best in moist, sandy soil
  • produces a very valuable building lumber


Quick Links

Last Updated:
This page and all contents are copyright, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador, all rights reserved.