Fisheries and Land Resources

Forestry and Agrifoods

White Birch



  • 4-10 cm. in length
  • oval to heart-shaped
  • coarse and double-toothed
  • without teeth for about 30 cm. on either side of the stalk
  • smooth and dark green above
  • paler with soft down below


  • small
  • oval
  • two-winged nutlet in enlarged female catkins
  • know as a strobulus or cone when ripe


  • thin, smooth and dark brown on young trees becoming a creamy-white to pinkish-white
  • easily separated into papery leaves
  • often used by woodsmen to kindle a camp fire


  • most common birch and most important hardwood in the Province
  • used in great quantities for fuelwood, and in manufacturing of plywood and flooring
  • grow to heights of 15-21 m. with 30-50 cm in diameter
  • often grow in pure stands or with conifers
  • frequently one of the first species to regenerate burnover areas often by "stump sprouts"


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