Fisheries and Land Resources

Forestry and Agrifoods

High Boreal Forest - Lake Melville


This ecoregion encompasses the Churchill River Valley and the coastal plain surrounding Lake Melville. River terraces are composed of coarse-textured, alluvial soils, and uplands have shallow, well-drained soils. This region has the most favourable climate in Labrador. Summers are cool and winters cold. The growing season is 120 to 140 days. The forests are closed-canopied and highly productive. Richer slopes are dominated by balsam fir, white birch, and trembling aspen. Black spruce is present in most stands, but only dominates in upland areas and lichen woodlands, which occupy river terraces. Ribbed fens occur in upland depressions; plateau bogs occur on coastal plains.


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