Fisheries and Land Resources

Forestry and Agrifoods

Low Arctic Tundra - Cape Chidley


This ecoregion is located on the northern tip of Labrador. A flat coastal plain dominates the area near Ungava Bay, while the southern portion contains low, steep-sided hills. It has the driest climate in Labrador and a growing season of less than sixty days. The dominant vegetation is tundra (alpine barren, dominated by rock and open ground with patches of mosses and lichens). Coastal headlands and ledges often support moss (Rhacomitrium) barren, while sporadic snowbed communities (sedge meadows) occur in late melting zabois. There are no tall shrubs or trees, and no true peatlands exist; however, marshes can occur along river valleys.


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