Commercial apiculture is a relatively small industry in Newfoundland and Labrador with five producers offering a wide variety of quality honey and beeswax products, as well as pollination services.
At one time there was little effort made to over-winter bees in the province, with new hives being established in the Spring. At present hives are overwintered with considerable success due to increased expertise of the apiarists, as well as a considerable increase in the cost of replacement bees. Hives are jacketed with an insulating cover or placed in insulated boxes. The cluster of overwintering bees generates heat through activity and the consumption of stored honey.
Honey bees in Newfoundland are free from Varroa Mite (Varroa destructor) and Honey Bee Tracheal Mite (Acarapis woodi). These significant bee parasites have been found extensively throughout insular North America and pose a significant challenge to bee management throughout their range.
It is prohibited under the Livestock Health Regulations to import bees from premises or countries where Varroa Mite or Tracheal Mite is present. Contravention of these regulations may result in return of bees to the point of origin at the owners expense or destruction on site with no compensation paid.